The Bible is not a common book in circulation. In fact, because of its ordinary functions, the Bible has had questions asked and has been considerably criticized for several years. It was not just the atheists and the liberals who were the best of its critics but the list also includes the spiritual non-Christian neighborhood.
It is not however the responsibility of the Christian community to protect the Bible against its critics. This is due to the fact that the Bible itself can prove its stability and reliability. It is for this reason that the Bible is held extraordinary, inspired, and trusted book. The Christians’ duty is to think.
TEXTUAL QUESTIONS ON THE BIBLE
Critics have been regularly declaring that there is a terrific possibility that the Bible passages have been copied and transmitted from generation to generation (C. Blomberg). Critics for that reason point to the concern whether the Bible has been precisely equated and transmitted. Craig Blomberg referred to this as the Bible’s textual question. The textual questions include the incident of textual variations and the claims that the Bible has actually lost some truths.
There are several proofs readily available to us that prove these claims wrong. First, there is proof that the Bible can be reconstructed from the initial texts. Rabbi Glenn Harris, in his short article entitled, Why the Bible is the Word of God: Can I Trust the Bible?” made an excellent contrast of Homer’s “Iliad” and the Bible’s New Testament in order to worry about the textual integrity of the Bible.
Of the 20,000 lines content of the New Testimony, just 40 lines are said to be in question which is about just a half percent. As with Iliad, which is stated to be the second ancient Greek/Latin literature having the most number of manuscript testament, has 764 lines in question out of its 15,600 lines. IN comparison, the lines in question account for five percent. It is still to be kept in mind that the textual criticisms of the New Testament will summarize a matter of missing letters and misspellings that are too unimportant to modify the essence of the texts included.
Another point of comparison is on the number of manuscript proofs relative to the two ancient writings. Relative to the New Testimony, there are more than 24,000 manuscript copies existing to date, 10,000 of which were in Latin versions and the rest remained in other early variations. The Iliad had just 643 surviving manuscripts (F. Kenyon).
HISTORICAL QUESTIONS OF THE BIBLE
The Bible, particularly the Old Testimony, has plenty of stories- narratives that place the Bible in question. Nevertheless, there are archeological proofs that prove these occasions, locations, and Bible characters to have actually been actually happened and existed. Of the long list supplied by archeologists and Bible scholars, Bryant Wood has actually provided some of them. King Solomon, for instance, who was made famous for his excellent wealth has been shown to have actually existed. Archeological records have shown his wealth exactly as the Bible explained.
The land of Canaan was also in question as to its existence but works on clay tablets recuperated in Syria in the 1970s in the Ebla archive proved it to be true. The Assyrian king “Sargon” discussed by the prophet Isaiah was proven to have actually lived when the king’s palace was found in Khorsabah in Iraq. In the exact same discovery likewise, the shown the event of the capture of Ashdod by its records in the walls of the palace precisely as how Isaiah had actually recorded. Upon the discovery of the Hittite’s records and their capital at Bogazkoy in Turkey that showed the Bible’s records of their presence.
By dating the manuscripts, the Bible can prove itself historically reliable. A popular archeologist said that “the average gap between an initial structure and the earliest readily available copy is over 1,000 years for other works of the manuscript” (N. Geisler). The New Testimony autographs, according to Harris dated 40 to 100 A.D. while its earliest copy was printed about 125 A.D. The space of 250-300 years between the stated dates, therefore, supports the typical gap. AS with the Old Testimony, the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in 1947 must suffice adequate to prove its stability.
Consisting of a copy of Isaiah’s scroll, the Dead Sea Scrolls likewise revealed a 95 percent similarity to the stated texts of our Modern Hebrew Bible. The remaining 5 percent of the text, according to Gleason Archer “represent the obvious slips of the pen and variations of spellings” (G. Archer, 1974). It is thus fair to conclude that “archeology has validated the significant historicity of the Old Testament Tradition” (F. Albright).
DOCTRINAL QUESTIONS OF THE BIBLE
The Bible is not merely a historic book that tapes the events relative to the foundation of Christianity. The Bible, more significantly, is a book that contains moral guidelines and ethical religious requirements set for all mankind. A simple analysis will therefore respond to the question of why the Bible has been theologically criticized.
Because the Bible by itself is reliable, in the sense that there were not few guidelines and guidelines contained therein, there are individuals who will be made ethically guilty, and if not, uneasy. It is however a natural response of the concerned ones to object to the Biblical teachings and by all means, to have it rendered as a misconception. The Bible is therefore held in the situation where it needs to show itself real and trusted.
Having the Bible in an acid test, let us initially look into the reliability of the predictions consisted of therein. The Bible has actually so far fulfilled 2,000 of its 2,500 predictions to date (H. Ross). It holds true that it is the fulfillment of his prophecies that differentiates an authentic prophet from that of a mere fortuneteller. The Bible has actually been shown to have the authentic prophets as by the satisfaction of their predictions with one hundred percent accuracy.
Hugh Ross in his short article entitled “Fulfilled Prophecy: Evidence for the Reliability of the Bible” provided thirteen independent predictions and their fulfillment. This writer, for the purpose of conversation, wishes to have five of the well-known prophecies and the satisfaction.
The Prophet Daniel’s prophesied the coming Messiah and the account of his death. After the restoration of Jerusalem in 458 B.C, Jesus Christ’s ministry started 483 years later on, exactly as had actually been prophesied. His death, according to the prediction, will occur prior to the damage of Jerusalem, which had in fact taken place in 70 A.D.
The birth of the Messiah in Bethlehem is a historic fact which took place exactly how prophet Micah foretold. The Land of Edom, now part of Jordan, has actually been predicted by the prophet Jeremiah, to end up being an uninhabited and barren wasteland. Examining the location in our time, the prophet had it accurately explained.
The prophet Isaiah prophesied that Cyrus will ruin magnificent Babylon, including Egypt, and will make the Jews free without ransom. After 150 years, Cyrus was born, had conquered Babylon, and won over Egypt after 30 years. The Jewish exile likewise occurred according to what the prophet predicted. Another prediction that has actually been traditionally shown to have been fulfilled was the betrayal of Jesus by Judas Iscariot.
As had been prophesied by Zechariah, Jesus was betrayed in exchanged for 30 pieces of silver, the sum of which were used to buy a piece of land as a place of burial for poor aliens.
THE INSPIRATION OF THE BIBLE
The proofs and proofs of the Bible’s integrity and historical credibility have been described and pointed out in the above sections. These pieces of evidence are enough to prove their worth as infallible and divinely influenced. However, there are still doubts that the Bible is just a compilation of the works of normal humans who lived before and after the birth of Jesus Christ, the Messiah.
This claim can be disputed by a simple discussion of the apparent facts about the Bible. The authors of the forty authors of the various books of the Bible were persons of different socio-economic and educational backgrounds. Those authors came from the various continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe and wrote in different languages-Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic.
The said authors were kings like Solomon, religious and political leaders like Paul, regular anglers like Peter, physicians like Luke, and numerous others. The truth is that their works were written in various designs and forms and were in fact composed with a thousand years’ time span, it is a bit tough to question how the views and events they have tape-recorded came in harmony even if they have actually not personally met. If the Bible is not divinely inspired, it would be tough to picture how the different books will come together in harmony, relative to its material. Here is one formidable structure of establishing the dependability of the Bible:
Jews protected it as no other manuscript has ever been protected. With their massora, they kept tabs on every letter, syllable, word, and paragraph. They had unique classes of men within their culture whose sole task was to preserve and transmit these files with practically ideal fidelity.
J.C. Ryle, in his book, has actually thoroughly explained a few of the many reasons that one needs to have faith in the truth that the Bible has actually been divinely influenced. This author adjusted the five listed truths on the said article as follows:
The amazing depth, fullness, and richness of the Bible’s contents- Ryle had actually specifically pointed out the intangible spiritual things that were notably talked about in the Bible. Since the Bible is not just a record book, it has special accounts of the soul, eternity, the Holy Spirit, Paradise and in Hell, eternity, and a lot more. These things are beyond man’s creativity and man’s capability to discuss and yet these things hold true and existing. It would have been a collection of the things that he can comprehend if the Bible has been man’s own concepts and feelings.
If the Bible is simply simple religious writing, then it ought to have consisted of man’s own criticisms on the other faiths that contradict what it cultivates as Christian teachings. The Bible has also a total account of the world’s beginning and end including its residents and the other animals and things in deep space. It has accounts of both bad and excellent conditions and the ways of agreeing to it. To sum it up, the Bible is complete in the sense that it has actually dealt with all the elements of human presence and the important things and events that affect the whole world.
The Bible has amazing unity and harmony in its contents. This is despite the fact that the Bible has different authors in different walks of life, who resided in different durations and eras, who spoke different languages, and written in various kinds and styles. “They all compose as if they were under one dictation” (C. Ryle). In whatever way they have revealed the ideas, they all merged to one main thought: the relationship of man and God.
There is extraordinary wisdom and majesty in the style of the Bible that makes it unique among all works that existed and still existing. The Bible can not be compared to other readings in any aspect since it bases on its own: proven and unique reliable and true. The Bible mentions wisdom and not just simple understanding. Without utilizing internal shreds of evidence, that is, by utilizing its own words, the Bible has actually been proven its self-evident stability. As Ryle said, “there are no powerlessness, and motes, and defects, and blemishes.”
If we are to look into the laws, the rules and regulations it had actually stated for man, we can clearly draw the fact that the Bible speaks to authority. It has truth and the Bible is determined to cultivate the fact and to reveal what God desires of mankind. The Bible speaks without doubt and sort of unpredictability regarding its stand and views on everything. The Bible has the component of precision and accuracy in its discussion of truths.
With God as the main figure in the Old Testament and His Son, Jesus Christ in the New Testimony, the Bible had developed and made shine the Majesty of God. What the Bible teaches can not be purchased and obtained anywhere and with any other means other than reading the Bible and with faith in God.
The Bible consists of spiritual things that match the need of humanity. Man is not a mere animal that can be compared to robots. Man is a mortal animal, distinct from other animals for its sensations, thinking ability, spirit, and relationship with God. It is for that reason crucial for a man to have his spiritual requirements to be satisfied which can not be provided by even the writings of the most intelligent human being on earth. What I am trying to point out is that the Bible has the function of guiding man towards structure and looking after his personal relationship with God. The Bible identifies the food of the body from the food of the soul.
There is likewise the remarkable truth of the Bible’s impact on the nations where it was written, taught, and checked out. As has actually been stated previously, the Bible does not just goal to educate and to notify. It has also the important purpose of pleasing the spiritual requirements of every human being that no other book can provide. The Bible is the only book that speaks accurately of the realities of the future, the present, and the future of the world the human race.